Ancient Coinage of Sicily, Syracuse

Syracuse, a Greek city on the coast of Sicily
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PeriodDescription or name
See below for Sear Greece entries for Syracuse
510-485 BC First Democracy
485-466 BCThe Deinomenid Tyranny
485-478 BC -- Gelon, Tyrant of Gela from 491 BC, conquered Syracuse in 485
478-466 BC -- Hieron I, Brother of Gelon
466-406 BCSecond Democracy
412-405 BCCarthaginians rule Punic Sicily
406-367 BCDionysius I
367-344 BCDionysius II
357-353 BCDion
344-336 BCTimoleon
336-317 BCThird Democracy
317-289 BCAgathokles
289-287 BCFourth Democracy
287-278 BCHiketas, 287-278 BC.
278-276 BCPyrrhos or Pyrrhus
275-215 BC Hiero or Hieron II
-- Philistis, Wife of Heiron II
-- Gelon, Son of Heiron II, predeceased his father, died in 215 BC
215-214 BCHieronymos, Son of Gelon & Grandson of Hieron II
214-212 BCFifth Democracy, 214-212 BC.
212 BC and laterSyracuse under the Romans

Coins of Syracuse in Sear, Greek Coins and Their Values
Sear #913Syracuse AR Tetradrachm. Rule of the Tyrant Gelon, 480-475 BC. SURAKOSION, head of Artemis-Arethusa right, four dolphins around / quadriga driven to the right by a male charioteer, nike flying above, crowning the horses with a wreath.
(4 entries)
Sear #917Syracuse, Sicily, AR Obol. c 480 BC. Head of Arethusa right, hair turned up under diadem of beads / Wheel with four spokes.
(8 entries)
Sear #922Syracuse, Sicily, AR Obol. Rule of the Tyrant Gelon, ca 465 BC. Wreathed head of Arethusa right, hair bound in sakkos / S-Y-P-A in compartments of wheel of four spokes.
(5 entries)
Sear #929Syracuse, Sicily, AR Litra. c 450 BC, SURA retrograde, head of Arethusa right, hair bound in sakkos / Octopus. BMC 50.
(9 entries)
Sear #930Sicily, Syracuse AR Pentonkion or Obol. ca 474 BC. Head of Artemis/Arethusa with hair turned up under diadem of beads / wheel of four spokes. TextImage
Sear #932Sicily, Syracuse AR Tetradrachm. 450-439 BC. Slow quadriga driven by charioteer holding goad; above, Nike flying r., crowning horses / Head of Artemis-Arethusa r., hair bound with cord wound around four times, forming an elongated coiffure; inscription. TextImage
Sear #938Syracuse, Sicily AR Drachm. c. 415 BC, LEUK ASPIS, the hero Leukaspis, naked, advancing right, bearing sword & oval shield, EY in exergue / SYRAKOSIWN, head of Arethusa right, four dolphins around, EYMEN below. BMC 162.
(2 entries)
Sear #953Sicily, Syracuse AR Dekadrachm. ca 400 BC, signed die by Euainetos. Galloping quadriga left, Nike flying above about to crown charioteer / , head of Arethusa or Persephone left, hair bound with wreath of corn leaves, four dolphins around, EYAINE below.
(2 entries)
Sear #954Sicily, Syracus, AR Dekadrachm. Chariot galloping left, armor below / SURAKOSIWN, head of Arethusa left in wreath of corn leaves, star behind, dolphins around. TextObvRev
Sear #958Sicily, Syracuse. 310-305 BC. EL 12 1/2 Litrae (1.83 gm). Laureate head of Apollo left / Lyre, SURAKOSIWN. TextImage
Sear #964Time of Timoleon, 344-317 BC., AR 1 1/2 litra. Janiform female head / Horse galloping right.TextObvRev
Sear #965Time of Timoleon, 344-317 B.C., AR 1 1/2 Litra. Time of Timoleon, 344-317 BC […URAKO]…IWN Head of Arethus left, hair rolled, 3 dolphins around. / Forepart of Pegasus left. BMC 276.
(2 entries)
Sear #974Sicily, Syracuse, Agathokles AR Tetradrachm. Head of Persephone right in wreath of corn, KOPAS behind / Nike, naked to waist, erecting trophy, AGATHOKLEIOS behind.
(2 entries)
Sear #975Sicily, Syracuse, Agathocles, AR Stater. 317-310 BC. Head of Athena right / Pegasos left. TextImage
Sear #983Sicily, Syracuse, Hieron II AV 60 Litrae or Dekadrachm. Period III, phase I, ca 220-217 BC. Wreathed head of Persephone left, in triple-pendant earring & necklace; bucranium behind / Charioteer in galloping biga right, holding kentron in right hand & reins in left; monogram below, IEPWNOS in ex.TextImage
Sear #994Sicily, Syracuse, Hieronymus AR 10 Litrai. 215-214 BC. Diademed bust of Hieronymus left; reversed K behind / BASILEWS IEPWNYMOY, winged thunderbolt; KI above.
(2 entries)
Sear #997Sicily, Syracuse, Republic of 214-212 BC, AR 12 Litrae. Head of Athena left wearing crested Corinthian helmet ornamented with horse / SURAKOSIWN, Artemis standing left, discharging arrow from bow, hound running left at her feet, YA/SA in left field. BMC 652.TextImage
Sear #999Sicily, Syracuse, Fifth Democracy (214-212 BC). Silver 8 litrae. Head of Kore left, wreathed with grain, in triple pendant earring & [necklace], small owl standing left behind neck / SURAKOSIWN, Nike driving fast quadriga right, ARK monogram above, AI under horses' forelegs, tiny LY between double exergual lines. Burnett D53, Luynes 1395, BMC 658.
(2 entries)
Sear #1004Sicily, Syracuse AR 1.25 Litra. Time of Hieron II, 275-215 BC. Head of Artemis right, quiver at shoulder / SYPAKOSION, owl standing facing on branch, A to left. SNG Cop 884, SNGANS 906.TextImage
Sear #1184Syracuse, Sicily, AE15 (trias). c. 400 BC, Head of Arethusa right, hair in koymbos, dolphins before and behind. / Octopus, three pellets around.
(2 entries)
Sear #1185Syracuse AE16. c410 BC. Head of Arethusa left, hair bound with ampyx and sphendone, [FR]Y on back of sphendone. / Star of 16 rays at center of quadripartite incuse square.
(4 entries)
Sear #1186Syracuse AE hemilitron. c400 BC, Female head left, hair wrapped in sphendone at back of neck, dolphin behind. / Four-spoked wheel, SU PA in upper two quadrants, two dolphins in lower two quadrants. BMC 243.
( 4 entries)
Sear #1187Sicily, Syracuse AE 17. 357 - 344 BC, Female head left, hair in sphendone, spray of olive leaves behind / Dolphin leaping right over a scallop shell. SGI 1187; Calciati 124; Magna Graecia 38.
( 1 entry)
Sear #1188Syracuse, Sicily, AE15 Half Litra. 357-344 BC. Head of Arethusa left / Cuttle-fish.
(2 entries)
Sear #1189Syracuse AE 28mm Drachm. Head of Athena left, wearing Corinthian helmet bound with olive-wreath / starfish between two dolphins.
(6 entries)
Sear #1191Sicily, Syracuse; AE 26 Litra, 344-336 BC. Head of Zeus Eleutherios left, hair long / Free horse prancing left. SNG ANS 533.
(3 entries)
Sear #1192Sicily, Syracuse AE Hemilitron. Time of Timoleon, 344-336 BC. IEYS ELEUQERIOS, head of Zeus Eleutherios right / thunderbolt, eagle standing right in field to right. TextImage
Sear #1193Syracuse AE Trias. 344-336 BC. Head of Athena wearing Corinthian style helmet / Hippocamp left, with curled wing.
(6 entries)
Sear #1195Syracuse, Sicily, AE19. Time of Agothokles, 317-289 BC, Head of Persephone left. / Bull butting left, club and T above, IS in exergue.
(2 entries)
Sear #1198Syracuse, Sicily, AE13. Time of Agathokles, 317-289 BC. Laureate head of Apollo left / Dog reclining left, head turned, star above, SW in exergue. BMC 377, Favorito 53. TextObvRev
Sear #1199Syracuse, Sicily, AE18. 317-289 BC, Laureate head of Apollo left / Pegasus flying left, ? below.
(3 entries)
Sear #1200Sicily, Syracuse, Agathokles AE 24mm. ca 295 BC. SWTEIPA, bust of Artemis right, quiver over shoulder / AGAQOKLEOS BASILEOS above & below winged thunderbolt. BMC 422, SNGCop 779, Calciati 142.
( 11 entries)
Sear #1201Sicily, Syracuse, AE22. Time of Agathokles, 312-289 BC. SURAKOSIWN, young male head (of Hercules?) right wearing tainia / lion prowling right, club above. Lindgren III 527, BMC 389.
(2 entries)
Sear #1202Sicily, Syracuse, AE25. Reign of Agathokles, 317-289BC. Head of Athena right in crested Corinthian helmet / Horseman wearing Phrygian helmet cantering right with couched spear,TextImage
Sear #1203Syracuse, Sicily, AE23. c.300 BC, Helmeted head of Athena right / Pegasus flying left. SNGANS 694.TextObvRev
Sear #1204Sicily, Syracuse, AE13. Time of Timoleon, 344-336BC. Head of Athena left in crested Corinthian helmet / Winged thunderbolt.
(2 entries)
Sear #1207Syracuse, Sicily, AE22. Head of Artemis right, quiver at shoulder / Winged thunderbolt.
(2 entries)
Sear #1208Sicily, Syracuse AE15. Time of Democracy, 289-288 BC. SWTEIRA, bust of Artemis left, quiver at shoulder / SURAK-OSIWN, thunderbolt. BMC 408.TextImage
Sear #1209Syracuse, Sicily, Hiketas, 288-279 BC, AE20. Head of Persphone left / Galloping biga driven right by charioteer, A in exergue.
(5 entries)
Sear #1210Syracuse, Sicily, AE24. Time of Hiketas, 288-279 BC, SY PA Head of Persephone right / Biga right, star above, RX in exergue.TextObvRev
Sear #1211Sicily, Syracuse, Hiketas, 289-288 BC, AE22. LIOS ELLANIOU, laureate and beardless head of Zeus Hellanios left / SURAKOSIWN, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings open. BMC 468.
(4 entries)
Sear #1212Syracuse AE18. Laureate and beardless head of Zeus Hellanios right / Partial legend. Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings open.
(3 entries)
Sear #1213Sicily, Syracuse, Reign of Pyrros AE23. SURAKOSIWN, head of Herakles left in lionskin / Athena Promachos advancing left brandishing spear & holding shield. BMC 493. TextImage
Sear #1214Syracuse, Sicily, Rule of Pyrrhos, 278-276 BC, AE22. Herakles head left in lion skin headdress. / Athena Promachos to right. BMC 503.TextImage
Sear #1221Sicily, Syracuse, Hieron II, 275-215 BC, AE 26. Diademed head of Hieron II left / Horseman galloping right with spear. Calciati 195.
(10 entries)
Sear #1222Syracuse, Sicily, AE26 Hemilitron. Hieron II, 275-215 BC, Diademed head of Heiron left / Horseman prancing, couched spear, IE[P_NO_] in exergue. SNG ANS 909.TextImage
Sear #1223Sicily, Syracuse, Hieron II AE22. 275-216 BC. Head of Poseidon left / IEP-ONOS, ornamented trident of Poseidon.
( 13 entries)
Sear #1226Sicily, Syracuse, Republic, AE14. 214-212 BC. Head of Poseidon left, hair bound in a taenia/ Ornamented trident-head, between two dolphins.TextImage
Sear #1228Syracuse, Sicily, AE26. Roman Times, 212-133 BC. Head of Zeus right / Simulacrum of Isis in slow quadriga right. BMC 684-687; Calciati 230, SNG Cop 897.TextImage
Sear #1229Syracuse, Sicily, AE20. Roman Times, after 212 BC. Laureate head of Zeus left / Nike driving galloping biga right. (This example: biga left = Calciati 226). BMC 691; Hoover 1474; Calciati II, 227-229; Sear 1229.TextImage
Sear #1230Sicily, Syracuse AE21. Time of Roman domination, ca 212 BC. Helmeted head of Athena right / Nike standing facing, wings open, about to sacrifice bull standing before. TextImage
Sear #1231Sicily, Syracuse, under Roman Rule, 212-150 B.C., AE21. Head of Serapis right / SURAK OSIWN, Isis standing, wearing head dress, holding istrum & sceptre.
(2 entries)
Sear #1234Sicily, Syracuse AE15. Under Roman rule, after 212 BC. Laureate head of Apollo left / SURAKWSION. sacrificial cap.
(2 entries)
PDF: Barclay V. Head: The Chronological Sequence of the Coins of Syracuse (aka The Coinage of Syracuse) extracted from NC 1874, from earliest times to Roman times, with 14 plates. Right click and Save As...
PDF from a Russian Website: Die Couplings of Syracuse Tetradrachms acc. to Boehringer and Tudeer with over 600 examples. Right click and Save As...
Magna Graecia Coins of Syracuse, General History

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