Ancient Coinage of Caria, Alinda



Alinda, on a hilltop above modern-day Karpuzlu, western Turkey, struck coins from the 3rd century BC to the 3rd century AD. The remains of the city include a necropolis of Carian tombs, a Roman aquaduct, a nearly-intact market place, a 5,000-seat Roman amphitheatre, and numerous temples.
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CIVIC AND SEMI-AUTONOMOUS COINAGE
BMC 1Alinda, Caria, AE17mm. 4.64 gr. 2nd cent. BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lionskin / AΛINΔEΩN to right and left of club with lionskin draped over it, all within oak wreath. BMC 1; SNG Cop. 17.TextImage
BMC 8Alinda, Caria. AE19, 4.58 gr. 145-130 BC. Youthful laureate male head right / AΛINΔEΩN above and beneath winged thunderbolt, all within laurel wreath. BMC 8; Mionnet Supp. VI, 46.TextImage
CNG 64, 283Alinda, Caria. ca 2nd Century BC. AE11, 1.68 gm. Head of Herakles right, wearing lionskin headdress / AΛI, bowcase with arrows and bow, club below, all within dotted border. HNO online 1004, otherwise unpublished. CNG 64, 283.TextImage
Kuenker 333, 278Alinda, Caria. Civic issue, 200-100 BC. Magistrate Menitas. 5.20 g. Laureate, youthful head of Herakles right. / AΛINΔEΩN MENITAΣ above and beneath club, all within oak wreath. Unpublished magistrate. Not in BMC, Paris, SNG Cop, SNG Turkey, SNG Keckman, Leschhorn, Mionnet, Babelon Traité, etc. Kuenker 333, 278.TextImage
SNG Cop 21Alinda, Caria, AE10. Civic issue, ca. 300-100 BC. 1.0 g. Laureate head of Apollo right. / AΛIN ΔE-ΩN above and beneath bipennis. SNG Cop. 21 (this coin)-22; SNG Ashmolean XI, 13; Waddington 2124; Mionnet III, 46.TextImage
SNG Fitz 4666 varAlinda, Caria, 2nd century BC. AE16. Laureate, young male head right / AΛINΔEΩN ANΔΡOXOΣ, Club within oak wreath. SNG Lewis 964 var (magistrate); Imhoof KM 2-3 var (ditto); SNG Fitz. 4666 var (ditto). Lowen B2154.TextImage
TRAJAN
SNG vA 2404Trajan, AE30 of Alinda, Caria. AD 98-117. 14.62 g. AYT NEΡ TΡAIANOC KAI CE ΓEΡ ΔAKIKO, laureate head right, slight drapery on left shoulder. / AΛINΔEΩN, Herakles standing front, looking right, holding club upright in right hand and lionskin in left, crowned by a small figure of Nike in upper left field. SNG von Aulock 2404; RPC III 2216; Vienna GR33958.TextImage
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
Karl 393Septimius Severus AE39 of Alinda, Caria. (AY KAI Λ CE CEVHΠHΡOC ΠEΡT C CE), laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right / (EΠI AΡ KOΡ MENIΠΠOY AΛ BOYΛH) AΛINΔEΩN, Herakles and the horses of Diomedes: Herakles naked, standing right, resting right foot on a horse on ground, raising club towards another horse rearing up before him. Karl 393 (Lanz 102, Karl Carian coll. sale)Unpublished.TextImage
Karl 706Septimius Severus AE37 of Alinda, Caria. AD 193-211. Magistrate Cor. Menippos. 29.60 g. AY KAI Λ CE CEYHΡHΡOC ΠEΡT CSE, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / EΠI AΡ KOΡ MENIΠΠOY AΛINΔEΩN.., Herakles standing right, wielding club with right hand, about the strike the rearing horse of Diomedes, a second horse lies slain on the ground below. Counterstamp of youthful male head right. (Howgego 78-79). Karl 706 (Lanz 102, Karl Carian coll. sale); Kurth, Herakles 490.TextImage
Milne(1938) 2Septimius Severus and Caracalla, AE39 of Alinda, Caria. 208-211 AD. AVT K Λ CEΠ CEOYHΡOC KAI M AYΡ ANTΩNEINOC, laureate, cuirassed bust of Sept. Severus right, facing draped bust of Caracalla left / EΠI AΡ KOΡ MENIΠΠOY AΛINΔEΩN ACYΛO MENOC HΡAKΛNΔOC E I (partially retrograde), Herakles, naked, standing front, head right, holding club and lionskin, shaking hands with Septimius Severus, standing front, head left, in military dress, holding spear; altar between them. Milne (NC 1938) p. 255, 2.TextImage
SNG vA 2408Septimius Severus, AE33 of Alinda, Caria. 26,96g. AVT K Λ CE CEYHΡOC ΠEΡTIN(AX), laureate head right / EΠI AΡ KOΡ MENIΠΠOY AΛINΔEΩN, Herakles standing right, wrestling the Nemean lion. SNG von Aulock 2408; Franke KZR 294.TextImage
SNGvA 2409 Septimius Severus AE37. Alinda, Caria, AYT KAI Λ CE CEYHΡOC.., Laureate, draped bust right. / AΛINΔEΩN EΠI AΡ KOΡ MENIΠΠOY AM, Herakles standing facing, head right, resting hand on club and picking apple from serpent-entwined tree. SNG von Aulock 2409 and 8053; Franke KZR 296.TextImage
SNG vA 2411Septimius Severus, AE medallion of Alinda, Caria, Alliance with Antioch. 193-211. 32.83 g. AY KAI Λ CE CEYHΡHΡOC ΠEΡ OC CE, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, countermark of head right, I before (Howgego 78) / EΠI AΡ KOΡ MENIΠΠOY AΛINΔEΩN ... KAI ANTIOXEΩN VNIΦEC, Severus standing left, placing right hand on a trophy between two seated captives; behind him Herakles standing left, holding club and lionskin, crowning him with wreath. SNG von Aulock 2411.TextImage
JULIA_DOMNA
Imhoof Kar. M. 5Julia Domna, AE30 of Alinda, Caria. AD 193-211. 18.02 g. CEBACTH IOY ΔOMNA, draped bust right, countermark in right field. / EΠI AΡXON MENIΠΠOY AΛINΔEΩN, Herakles standing front, looking right, holding club upright in right hand and lionskin in left, crowned by a small figure of Nike in upper left field. Imhoof Karische Münzen 5; Waddington 2139 (Nike overlooked); Paris 89.TextImage
CARACALLA
BMC 17Caracalla, AE36 of Alinda, Caria. AD 198-217, struck ca. AD 202-203. 22.18 g. AY K M AYΡ ANTΩNINOC N Θ H ΠΛAYTIΛ, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Caracalla right, facing draped bust of Plautilla left, wearing stephane. / AΡX M OYΛ OYΛIAΔOY ΛEONTOC AΛINΔEΩN, Apollo standing front, looking left, holding plectrum and lyre. BMC 17; SNG vA 2412-2413; Imhoof KM 7; Karl 79; SNG München 55; Mionnet III, 50; Waddington 2137; SNG Cop 26; Rhousopoulos 3858.TextImage
PLAUTILLA
BMC 19Plautilla, AE28 of Alinda, Caria. AD 202-205. Magistrate M. Julius, son of Juliados. 11.66 g. NEA ΘEA HΡA ΠΛAYTIΛΛA, draped bust right. / AΡX M OYΛ OYΛIAΔOY AΛINΔEΩN, Herakles standing front, looking right, holding club and lionskin, a small Nike standing right on his shoulder, crowning him with a wreath. BMC 19; SNG Post 263.TextImage