Ancient Coinage of Cappadocia, Tyana



First called Thoana, the town was at the foot of Taurus where the surrounding plain was called Tyanitis. Under Caracalla the city became the "Antoniana colonia Tyana". It was captured from Queen Zenobia by Aurelian in 272 AD. In 371 Valens made Tyana the capital of Cappadocia. The ruins of Tyana - the remains of a Roman aqueduct and of sepulchral grottoes are at Kilisse-Hissar.

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CITY AND SEMI-AUTONOMOUS COINAGE
BMC 1Tyana, Cappadocia, AE18, semi-autonomous issue, 1st or 2nd century AD. 4.36 g. Turreted and draped bust of Tyche right / TYANEΩN, Perseus, naked, standing left, holding patera in outstretched right hand and harpa and chlamys in left. BMC 1.TextImage
SNG Cop 315 varTyana AE15, semi-automonous issue, ca 1st Century BC. Bull walking left / TYANEΩN, Zeus seated left, holding patera and sceptre. SNG Cop. 315 var. (bull right); Lindgren I 1733 var (ditto); Mionnet IV, 218 var (ditto).TextImage
NERO
RPC 3659Nero, AE25 of Tyana, Cappadocia. Dated local year 12, AD 66. NEΡΩN KAIΣAΡ, laureate head right / TYANEΩN ET IB, Tyche sitting right on stool, holding corn-ears, river-god Phoibos swimming right below. RPC 3659; Imhoof FG 466; Paris 750; Lindgren III 954; Falter 684.TextImage
RPC 3660Nero, AE21 of Tyana, Cappadocia, 6.9g. Dated RY 12, A.D 65-66. NEΡΩN KAICAΡ (anti-clockwise from lower right), laureate head right / TYANEΩN [E]T IB (anti-clockwise from lower right), Tyche seated left holding corn-ears and cornucopiae, river god swimming right below. RPC 3660.TextImage
TRAJAN
Imhoof FG 467Trajan, AE26 of Tyana, Cappadocia. Dated local year 1. AD 98-117, 13.85 gr. Magistrate Baccos. AYT NEΡOY TΡAIANOC KAIC ΓEΡ, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right / TYANEΩN EΠI BACCOY ΠΡECBEYT ET A, Tyche sitting left on stool, holding corn-ears and bunch of grapes, river-god swimming left at foot. Imhoof FG 467; Falter 685.TextImage
Lindgren 1736Tyana, Cappadocia. AE19. AYT NEΡOY TΡAIANOC KAIC ΓEΡ, laureate, draped bust right / IEΡAC ACYΛ AYTON TYANEΩN, ET A, Athena, helmeted, standing left, holding Nike, spear and shield. Lindgren I 1736. TextImage
HADRIAN
Cox 234Hadrian, AE20 of Tyana, Cappadocia. AD 117-138. Dated local year 21 = AD 136-137. AY KAIC TΡAI AΔΡIANOC CEBACTOC, laureate head right / TYANEΩN T Π T IEΡ ACY AY, Athena standing left, holding Nike in right hand, left hand resting on shield set on ground, spear resting against shield. Date ET-KA across fields. Slight var of Cox 234 in NNM 92 (obv. legend).TextImage
SNG vA 6537Hadrian, AE of Tyana, Cappadocia. Dated Year 5, 120-121 AD. 3.68 g. E-TE to left and right of laureate head right / TYANEΩN, Athena standing left holding Nike and spear and resting hand on shield. SNG von Aulock 6537. Lindgren IIA 1736A.TextImage
SNGvA 6538Hadrian, AE23 of Tyana, Cappadocia. 9.69 gr. Dated Year 20, 135-136 AD. AYTO KAIC TΡAI AΔΡIANOC CEBACTOC, laureate head right / TYANEΩN TΩN Π T IEΡ ACY AY, Tyche seated left on rock, holding grain-ears and bunch of grapes; below, river-god swimming left; date ET-K across fields. SNG von Aulock 6538-9; Lindgren I 1735; cf SNG Cop 316.TextImage
ANTONINUS PIUS
BMC 4Antoninus Pius AE24 of Tyana, Cappadocia. 10.13 gr. Dated Year 12 (148-149 AD). ANTΩNEINOC CEBACTOC, laureate head right / TYANΩN T Π T IEΡA, ET-IB across fields, Tyche seated left on chair ornamented with a griffin, holding corn-ears and grapes, river-god swimming left below. BMC 4.TextImage
Clegg 1007Antoninus Pius AE18 of Tyana, Cappadocia. ANTΩNEINOC AYΓ, laureate head right / TYANΩN, Demeter (or Tyche of Tyana?) standing left holding corn ears and torch. Poss. unpublished.TextImage
CNG 88, 1017Antoninus Pius, AE13 of Tyana, Cappadocia. Dated local year 19. AD 157. AYT ANTΩNΩINOC, laureate head right / TYANΩΩN E ΘI (sic), Hermes standing left, holding purse and caduceus. Apparently unpublished. CNG 88, 1017.TextImage
RPC 3588 varAntoninus Pius, AE16 of Tyana, Cappadocia. A K ANTωNINOC, laureate head right / TYANEΩN T Π T IEΡ ACY.. or similar, turreted, veiled and draped bust of Tyche right. RPC online 3588 var (legends).TextImage
MARCUS AURELIUS
G & N 37, 524Marcus Aurelius AE17 of Tyana, Cappadocia. AD 161-162. 4.08 g. AYTOK M ANTΩNEINOC, bare head right / TYANEΩN T Π T IEΡAC K.., turreted, veiled and draped bust of Tyche right. Unpublished reverse for Marcus Aurelius. Pecunem 37, 524.TextImage
LUCIUS VERUS
Lindgren 1740Lucius Verus AE24 of Tyana, Cappadocia. AD 161-169. 8.58 g. AYTO K Λ OYHΡOC CE or similar, Laureate, draped bust right / TYANEΩN T Π T IEΡ ACY AYTO, ET-B, Tyche seated left, river-god below.TextImage
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
Lindgren A1741ASeptimius Severus AE22 of Tyana, Cappadocia. 195-196 AD. ACEΠ CEOYHΡOC, laureate head right / TYANEΩN T Π T IEΡ AΣYΛOY K AY, Perseus, naked, standing facing, head right, holding harp and Gorgon's head. ET-D across fields. Lindgren I A1741A.TextImage
Mionnet 324Septimius Severus, Tyana, Cappadocia. AYK Λ CEΠT CEYHΡOC, laureate head right / TYANEΩN T Π T IEΡ AΣYΛOY K A, Asklepios standing facing, head left, resting on serpent-entwined staff. ET Δ across fields. Mionnet Supp. 7, 324.TextImage
SNG Righetti 1810Septimius Severus, AE28 of Tyana, Cappadocia. Dated year 4, AD 195-196. 15.19 gr. Y K Λ CEΠ CEOYHΡOC, laureate head right / TYANEΩN T Π T IE K ACY K AY, zebu (humped bull) standing right. Date ET Δ below. SNG Righetti 1810; Lindgren III 959A.TextImage
SNG Righetti 1810 vSeptimius Severus, AE28 of Tyana, Cappadocia. Dated year 4, AD 195-196. 15.19 gr. AY K Λ CEΠ CEOYHΡOC ΠEΡ, laureate head right / TYANEΩN T Π T IE K ACY K AY, zebu (humped bull) standing right. Date ET Δ below. Slight var of SNG Righetti 1810 (obv. legend no ΠEΡ) and Lindgren III 959A (ditto).TextImage
SNG Tueb 4709Septimius Severus AE22 of Tyana, Cappadocia. Dated Year 4, AD 195-196. AY K Λ CEΠ CEOYHΡOC, Laureate head right / TYANEΩN T Π T IEΡ K ACY K, Herakles standing facing, looking left, holding club set on ground and lionskin. Date ET Δ across fields. SNG Tuebingen 4709.TextImage
JULIA DOMNA
ANS 1974-276-8Julia Domna, AE30 of Tyana, Cappadocia, 16.0 gr. Dated local year 16, AD 213-214. IOYΛ ΔOMNA AYΓ, draped bust right / ANT KOΛΩNI TYANΩN, Herakles Pharnese standing right, right hand behind his back, leaning on club set on rock, date E[T I]ς in fields (RY 16, A.D 213-4). ANS 1974.276.8.TextImage
Solidus 18, 194Julia Domna, AE28 of Tyana, Cappadocia. Dated Year 16, AD 212-213. IOYΛ ΔOMNA AYΓ, draped bust right. / ANT KOΛΩ TYANΩN, emperor on horseback left, raising right hand. Date ET Iς below. Unpublished. BMC -; Isegrim -; Mionnet -; Paris -; SNG Turkey vols. 1-10 -. Solidus 18, 194.TextImage
Waddington 6814Julia Domna, AE28 of Tyana, Cappadocia. Dated Year 16, AD 212-213. IOYΛ ΔOMNA AYΓ, draped bust right / ANT KOΛΩNI TYANΩN, Septimius Severus on horseback right, cloak waving out behind him, raising right hand. Date ET IS below. Waddington 6814; Paris 776.TextImage
CARACALLA
Kurth C1059Caracalla, AE29 of Tyana, Cappadocia. AD 198-217. Dated year 16 (AD 212-213). M AYΡ ANTΩINOC, laureate head right. / ANT KOΛΩ TYANΩN, emperor on horseback left, raising right hand. Date ET Iς below. Unpublished. BMC -; Isegrim -; Mionnet -; Paris -; SNG Turkey vols. 1-10 -. Kurth coll. C1059.TextImage
Mionnet Supp. VII, 326Caracalla AE25 of Tyana, Cappadocia. Dated local year 16, AD 213. M AYΡ ANTΩNINOC, laureate head right / ANT KOΛΩN.. TYANEΩN, Nike seated right on rocks, holding large shield inscribed VIC AVG in two lines on her lap. Date ET Iς below. Mionnet Supp. VII, 326.TextImage
SNG Fitz 5489Caracalla, AE25 of Tyana, Cappadocia. AD 198-217. 14.17 gr. AYT KAI M AYΡ ANTΩNINOC, laureate head right / ANT KOΛΩN TYANΩN ET Iς, turreted and draped bust of Tyche right. Cox 235 in NNM 92; SNG Fitzw 5489.TextImage
SNG Lewis 1727Caracalla AE31 of Tyana, Cappadocia. 212-213 AD. Dated Year 16 of local era. M AVΡ ANTΩNINOC, laureate head right / ANT KOΛΩNEIA TYANΩN ET Iς, bull standing left, head facing. SNG Lewis 1727; SNG Tuebingen 4712.TextImage
SNGvA 6550Caracalla AE31 of Tyana, Cappadocia. 212-213 AD. Dated Year 16 of local era. A KAI M AYΡ ANTΩNINOC, laureate head right / ANT KOΛΩNEIA TYANΩN ET Iς around and beneath zebu bull standing right, head facing. SNG von Aulock 6550.TextImage
SNG vA 6550 varCaracalla, AE25 of Tyana, Cappadocia. AD 198-217. Dated Year 16 = AD 212-213, 16.68 gr. AYT KAI M AYΡ ANTΩNINOC, laureate head right / ANT KOΛΩN TYANΩN ET Iς, bull walking right before two vexilla. SNG von Aulock 6550 var (obv. legend); Signorelli III 750 var (ditto).TextImage
SNG vA 6551Caracalla, AE28 of Tyana, Cappadocia. 14.26 gr. A KAI M AYR ANTWNINOC, laureate head right / AYΡ KOΛΩNIAC TYANΩN ET I&sigmaf, Tyche seated left on rocks, holding corn-ears. SNG von Aulock 6551.TextImage
SNG von Aulock 8732 varCaracalla AE30 of Tyana, Cappadocia. 13.4 g. A KAI M AYΡ ANTΩNINOC or similar, laureate head right / ANT KOΛΩNIAC above, TYANEΩN ET IC in two lines below, founder, holding branch, ploughing left with two oxen or humped bulls. var of SNG von Aulock 8732; Lindgren I 1742 (both with TYANΩN).TextImage
Weber 7825Caracalla, AE28.5 of Tyana, Cappadocia. M AYΡ ANTΩNINOC, laureate head right / ANT KOΛΩNI TYANΩN, bull walking right before two vexilla. Date ET Iς below. Weber 7825; Imhoof GRM 2.TextImage
See also:Entry for Tyana on the Digital Historia Numorum
Search for Tyana in the British SNG Volumes' Database at the Fitzwilliam Museum

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